self deprecating là gì

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Most of us would prefer to tướng be thought of as down-to-earth and funny rather than thở egotistical or narcissistic. People who are able to tướng use humor to tướng make fun of themselves or recognize their flaws can come across as self-aware, appealing, and approachable.

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Yet, there’s a fine line between humility and self-deprecation. Phrases such as “it was nothing” and “I’m such an idiot” are sánh common we often don’t notice how damaging they can be.

What is self-deprecation?

Researchers have found that self-deprecation can arise from a self-protective place to:

  • Make light of a heavy situation
  • Make other people laugh
  • Promote a sense of modesty
  • Appear agreeable or gain support
  • Deflect or attempt to tướng mask another issue
  • Preempt potential negative feedback from others

In 1958, John F. Kennedy used his self-deprecating wit to tướng drown out the noise of critics who claimed that the US election was being bought by his wealthy father. He quipped, “I just received the following wire from my generous daddy: ‘Dear Jack, don’t buy a single vote more than thở is necessary. I’ll be damned if I’m going to tướng pay for a landslide.’”

Yet, self-deprecation can also cross the line into self-sabotage and fuel low self-esteem. The tendency to tướng denigrate or disparage oneself has been linked to tướng depression and anxiety. It can also put a strain on your relationships by forcing other people into the position of constantly feeling lượt thích they have to tướng prop you up or manage your fragility.

What does self-deprecation mean?

In The Remarkable Rocket, a short story by Oscar Wilde, a talking firework called Rocket is told by a dragonfly that the frog he is speaking to tướng has already swum away. In response, the Rocket says,

”I am not going to tướng stop talking to tướng him merely because he pays no attention. I lượt thích hearing myself talk. It is one of my greatest pleasures. I often have long conversations all by myself, and I am sánh clever that sometimes I don’t understand a single word of what I am saying.”

The last line, “I am sánh clever that sometimes I don’t understand a single word of what I am saying,” is often used as a quote exemplifying self-deprecation.

The definition of self-deprecation

In practice, self-deprecation might show up as:

  • Not being able to tướng take a compliment (“This old thing?”)
  • Low self-esteem (“I couldn’t wear that”)
  • An instinct to tướng downplay yourself and your efforts (“It’s no big deal”)
  • A belief that if you acknowledge your skills and accomplishments, you’ll come off as pompous and arrogant

Self-deprecating humor

Self-deprecation is most often packaged in the sườn of a joke. It could be about your appearance, behaviors, performance, something from the past, or any other personal issue.

When done well, it recognizes the limitations of all humans and makes fun of the high expectations that we mix for ourselves. This sườn of humor can break the ice in tense situations and help people feel at ease. It can also promote camaraderie and even self-acceptance.

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What causes self-deprecation?

Self-deprecation might stem from a place of not taking yourself too seriously or recognizing the social power of comic relief.

It can also emerge from a deeper, more harmful feeling of self-doubt or even self-hatred, which can hold a person back and cause a great giảm giá khuyến mãi of suffering. This negative self-image may arise from:

  • Previous trauma
  • Perfectionist mindset
  • Mental health issues


When a person experiences a traumatic sự kiện, the entire world can begin to tướng feel unsafe. Inner narratives of being undeserving of love or lacking self-worth can be protective and can also develop from criticism or perceptions gained from abusive caregivers and partners.


Perfectionism is another source of self-criticism that can be intertwined with trauma but can also arise separately. It’s wonderful when a person takes pride in what they bởi and it’s normal to tướng want to tướng be validated for it.

Everyone makes mistakes

Perfectionism takes this to tướng the next level, leading a person to tướng develop a sense that they are permanently flawed or defective, therefore fueling the flames of their inner critic.

Mental health disorders

Self-criticism is both a symptom and contributor to tướng Major Depressive Disorder and other mental health conditions including anxiety, eating disorders, and bipolar disorder. Like perfectionism, it involves a tendency to tướng mix unattainable standards for yourself and consistently feel disappointed when you can’t meet them.

4 signs that your self-deprecation has gone too far

A strong inner critic can be exhausting and suck the joy out of your life, highlighting each and every flaw and causing a shame eruption for tiny missteps or mistakes. You might find yourself thinking:

  • “Here I go screwing up again.”
  • “I shouldn’t even try.”
  • “No one wants to tướng have anything to tướng bởi with bầm.”
  • “If they knew the real bầm, they wouldn’t come around.”

Below are the four signs that your self-deprecation may have reached an unhealthy level.

You can’t take a compliment

Think of how you typically act when someone compliments you. You may feel giddy and excited that someone is taking note of your good qualities, you may clam up and feel shy, or you may even feel completely repulsed.

Extreme discomfort with praise might point to tướng an issue of low self-esteem. When you experience yourself as deeply flawed and undeserving, a compliment doesn’t make sense and may even feel scary. It goes against your entire belief system of being unworthy.

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It’s not always easy to tướng take compliments

It’s not always easy to tướng take compliments 1

If it’s hard to tướng take a compliment and you’re constantly putting yourself down when someone tries to tướng praise you, it’s time to tướng take a closer look at your self-deprecating tendencies.

Your knee-jerk response is to tướng self-deprecate

For some people, making fun of themselves is lượt thích clockwork. If your instinct is to tướng make fun of yourself or minimize your accomplishments, it’s important to tướng explore where this is coming from, and why.

It’s perfectly ok to tướng be humble and to tướng find the humor in your own shortcomings. Still, it’s also necessary to tướng be able to tướng acknowledge and appreciate the good things about yourself.

No one else is laughing

There’s nothing more awkward than thở saying something you think is going to tướng evoke all-out laughter only to tướng have the entire room go silent. People can often sense when your jokes are coming from a dark and sad place. They may even tell you that what you are saying is not funny or that they feel uncomfortable.

If your self-deprecating jokes are consistently falling flat, it’s a clear sign that you’re going overboard and need to tướng bởi some reflecting on where it’s coming from.

You continue to tướng self-deprecate when you’re alone

If you’re making fun of yourself or putting yourself down when no one else is around, you might begin to tướng believe the self-deprecating jokes that you’re making. At some point, they might not even be jokes at all.

The impact of self-deprecation

If you’re consistently downplaying your skills or effort, you might really start to tướng internalize self-hatred. It can also rub off on the people around you. What was once an innocent laugh, can ultimately undermine your authority and diminish the impact of your actual achievements.

Self-deprecation can also:

  • Damage your self-esteem: The negative comments can be internalized and impact your sense of self-worth.
  • Take a toll on your mental health: When you’re continually sending yourself the message that everything you work for isn’t that big of a giảm giá khuyến mãi or that you don’t measure up, it can put a strain on your mental health.
  • Deplete your optimism: When everything you bởi is minimized, you might start to tướng feel less excited about putting yourself out there or trying something new.
  • Damage your relationships: If you’re always joking, people might not feel lượt thích they can get to tướng know the real you.
  • Impact movement on the career ladder: If you’re constantly minimizing your skill and hard work, it can impact your chance of getting noticed and promoted.

It’s possible to tướng maintain a healthy balance

It’s possible to tướng make fun of yourself and love yourself at the same time, though it requires thoughtful attention and self-care.

If your self-deprecation has gone overboard, try the following 5 methods to tướng regain your self-esteem and find that healthy balance.

Accept compliments graciously

Accept compliments

Rather than thở making a joke every time someone pays you a compliment, try saying a simple “thank you”. If you’re uncomfortable, leave it there and later explore why it is sánh hard for you to tướng accept praise.

Let it out in your journal

Journaling can help you sort through your thoughts and emotions in a safe place. Try writing about the times that your instinctual reaction was to tướng self-deprecate. Explore what you could have said instead, including acknowledging when you’ve done something well.

Give yourself the benefit of the doubt

Make a conscious decision to tướng give yourself the benefit of the doubt lượt thích you would for any close friend. Instead of saying, “I’m sánh dumb,” you could say, “I’ve been juggling a lot and forgot to tướng complete that one task. It happens. I’ll get working on that now.”

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Self-esteem test
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Don’t feed into the self-deprecation of others

When you notice the tendency of a friend, family thành viên, or colleague to tướng self-deprecate, try speaking up rather than thở laughing it off. You can challenge the narrative by offering a different perspective, “forgetting your keys does not equate to tướng being a moron.” Or “How about saying something kind to tướng yourself instead.” As you bởi this, you’re creating a culture that promotes positive self-talk.

Get professional support

Your online therapist can tư vấn you in getting to tướng the root of your self-deprecating behavior. If you’re struggling with self-hate or self-doubt, counseling gives you an opportunity to tướng work through these issues sánh that you can learn to tướng celebrate yourself, be authentic, and feel comfortable with praise.


Although self-deprecation can be a nice feature of humor, it can also get out of control, fueling self-esteem issues and creating problems in communication. If you realize that you make self-deprecating jokes way too often, it might be a sign that you need self-esteem therapy.

Don’t hesitate to tướng ask for help and get matched with a licensed therapist from your state within an hour. You deserve to tướng be loved, especially by yourself.

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